The brain contains the following gaze direction centers:
1/ The anterior frontal frontal gaze direction center of the cerebrum (BA 8). One on the right and one on the left.
2/ Large Brain Supplementary Gaze Direction Center (SEF = Supplementary Eye Field); one on the right and one on the left side located in the rostral (anterior) part of the supplemental motor cortex.
3/ Large brain posterior parieto-occipital gaze direction center (parts of BA 7 and BA 19). One on the right and one on the left.
4/ Upper four-mound (Colliculus superior)5/ Brainstem centre of horizontal gaze direction to the right.
6/ The center of the brainstem for horizontal gaze direction to the left.
7/ The brainstem center for vertical gaze direction upwards. One on the right and one on the left.
8/ The centre of the brainstem for vertical downward gaze. One on the right and one on the left.
Activation of a gaze direction center results in a conjugated eye movement.