Limbic system

Limbic system

The term "Limbic system" refers to a number of different brain structures which, taken together, are considered/considered (!) to be responsible for
1/ the survival of the organism (individual) and

2/ Survival of the genus (sexual functions).

Nowadays, the structural-functional uniformity of the concept is criticized by many brain researchers. Despite this, the "Limbic System" appears in a variety of contexts and is also presented extensively in newly published textbooks.

Among the brain parts that have long been included in the Limbic system are:

The odor nodules with associated odor paths and receiving odor bark areas.
The cingulate cortex (gyrus cinguli)Parahippocampal windling Almond nucleus (amygdala)Stria terminalisHippocampus complexVault (fornix)SeptumHypothalamus Some thalamusnucleiZona incertaPineal gland (Epiphysis)The reins (habenula)Nuclei of the brainstem that have to do with visceral functions.

What can be called the survival abilities of the organism/individual include:

1 the maintenance of homeostasis, i.e. the existence of a balanced internal body environment. This means that the body's cells should have free access to all the substances required for a normal metabolism and that the cells are in as clean a liquid environment as possible. That is, our eating, our drinking, our breathing, our blood circulation and our excretion of various waste products are controlled by the limbic system. In this context, the hypothalamus plays the main role!
2 the flight and defense skills ("adrenaline rush").
3 Learning ability
4 Emotional life

It should be noted that the design of the limbic system differs between different animal species and that data on the relationships and functions of the parts are mainly based on research results from rats and mice.