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Limbic lobe

Lobus limbicus

Border lobe, The fifth cerebral lobe, Broca's large lobe

The limbic lobe is located on the inside of the hemisphere and is partially covered by archaic/primordial cerebrum cortex (allocortex).

The limbic lobe forms a boundary wall between the oldest and deepest parts of the cerebrum (i.e. the hypothalamus, thalamus and telencephalic nuclei) and the modern cerebral cortex so well developed in humans: the iso- or neocortex.

The limbic lobe consists of 2 major sections, one upper (dorsal) and one lower (ventral).
The upper part is called the cingulate cortex, the cinguli winding (gyrus cinguli).
The lower part is called the parahippocampus winding (gyrus parahippocampalis; hippocampus = seahorse, para = next to, or -alongside-).
The two parties merge into each other just behind the brain beam. The transitional area is called the Isthmus gyri cinguli.

It is wise to remember that it is quite common for the limbic lobe to be "divided" between the forehead, crown and temporal lobes, so to speak. In this case, the anterior part of the cingulate cortex (gyrus cinguli) is counted to the frontal lobe, the posterior part to the parietal lobe and the lower part, the parahippocampal windling with the connected seahorse/hippocampus complex, to the temporal lobe. The latter relationship is especially important. It is very common, when thinking about learning and memory, that these functions are attributed to the "inner, mesial" part of the temporal lobe.
The term "inner, mesial part of the temporal lobe" refers to parts of the neck-temporal winding (gyrus occipito-temporalis), parts of the spindle-shaped winding (gyrus fusiforme) and the parahippocampal winding with the connected hippocampus complex.
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